Our focus is on the future prospects of the business we are effectively lending money to. As we look for prospective investments, we target credits that possess some or all of the following characteristics:
- Companies that have a product or service that is considered “essential” or recurring;
- Hard asset values that provide some support for the company’s value;
- A manageable capital structure;
- A stable revenue stream and/or an adjustable cost structure;
- A company or industry that is out of favor for the wrong or temporary reasons;
- Excess liquidity
Furthermore, a primary area of consideration is the future free cash flow generating ability of the businesses we invest in. Our belief is that a business that can generate a true economic profit after all expenditures (free cash flow) creates a margin of safety for our investment. This free cash flow is not the popular “EBITDA” or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization; rather, free cash flow is defined as cash from operating activities less capital expenditures. While this process by itself is reasonably common among active credit managers, the key for us is in identifying undervalued securities which may provide more attractive yields than the indexes that represent these asset classes. To us, this involves acquiring securities with very low price to expectations, not just a higher yield.
Once we have identified a prospective credit, we begin our credit analysis.
- Financial Analysis: We begin by looking at the company’s three major financial statements—the income statement, the balance sheet and the statement of cash flows—primarily focusing on the company’s ability to generate cash flow (statement of cash flows) and the company’s liquidity and capital structure sustainability (balance sheet).
- Combined Approach: In our investment analysis, we combine both “top-down analysis,” looking at the larger economic and industry dynamics, with “bottom-up” analysis that involves a thorough review and analysis of the company’s financial filings, quarterly earnings conference calls, investor presentations, and other relevant documents. Relevant risk factors are identified and the company’s ability to withstand these factors is assessed.
- Valuation Analysis: Peritus does not stop with traditional credit analysis that focuses on business fundamentals, but also undertakes an appraisal of the company’s intrinsic value, determining the relative value of each piece of the capital structure.
- Capital Structure Analysis: Through our fundamental and valuation analysis, we not only determine whether an investment should be made in a certain company, but also where in the capital structure (secured, senior, or subordinate) we believe the risk/return is most attractive.
- Trading Input: Additionally, our traders are engaged in each step of the security selection process, working in conjunction with the analysts to effectively combine our expertise in market technicals with credit fundamentals. Because much of what we do is not an “exchange traded” asset class, the ability to find, negotiate, and acquire bonds is a critical component to execution.
Prospective credits are approved by the credit committee. Once a credit is approved and purchased, we continue to monitor the individual names and the portfolio daily.
Peritus’ primary goal is to hold an actively managed, diversified basket of securities that generates a significant tangible yield to the investor and allows for potential capital appreciation. Our preference and history is to hold approximately 50-80 securities in our portfolios, which we believe accomplishes our goals.
To summarize our process: